A Geologist studies the composition, structure, and processes related to the Earth in order to learn about the past, present, and future. They may collect samples out in the field and take these back to the laboratory to study them in detail.
A four-year bachelor's degree in geoscience, geology, biology, chemistry, physics, or a related field is necessary to obtain this position. A higher degree (master's or doctorate) in a related field, which may take an additional two-five years to earn, would be more valuable.
Employment of geoscientists is projected to grow 5 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. The need for energy, environmental protection, and responsible land and resource management is projected to spur demand for geoscientists.
Most geoscientists split their time between working indoors in offices and laboratories, and working outdoors. Doing research and investigations outdoors is commonly called fieldwork and can require irregular working hours and extensive travel to remote locations.