Soil scientists analyze soil to help make farming more productive by studying every aspect of the soil including the chemicals and minerals in the soil and the best way to water and fertilize the soil. They look for the best use of land and how to minimize erosion.
A four-year bachelor's degree in plant science, botany, environmental science, or a related field is necessary to obtain this position. A higher degree (master's or doctorate) in a related field, which may take an additional two-five years to earn, would be more valuable.
Overall employment of agricultural and food scientists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. Employment of agricultural and food scientists is projected to grow as research into agricultural production methods and techniques continues.
Agricultural and food scientists work in laboratories, in offices, and in the field. Most agricultural and food scientists work full time.