Plant scientists conduct research related to every aspect of growing plants including the production and management of crops, their growth in various soils, and the control of bugs.
A four-year bachelor's degree in plant science, botany, environmental science, or a related field is necessary to obtain this position. A higher degree (master's or doctorate) in a related field, which may take an additional two-five years to earn, would be more valuable.
Overall employment of agricultural and food scientists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. Employment of agricultural and food scientists is projected to grow as research into agricultural production methods and techniques continues.
Plant scientists work in research for industries or academics, health industries (such as pharmaceutical research laboratories), or with a variety of private companies or government agencies. They can also work in food industries, crop protection companies, or for environmental protection agencies.