Meteorologists collect data about the climate and weather and make forecasts about the future. They often use computers, mathematical models, and data from satellites and radar to do this.
A four-year bachelor’s degree in a scientific field such as atmospheric sciences, physics, chemistry, or another related field is probably necessary to obtain this position. A higher degree (master's or doctorate) in a related field, which may take an additional two-five years to earn, would be more valuable. Some broadcast meteorologists may have communication-related degrees with some extra coursework in the sciences.
Employment of atmospheric scientists, including meteorologists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. New types of computer models have vastly improved the accuracy of forecasts and allowed atmospheric scientists to tailor forecasts to specific purposes. This should maintain, and perhaps increase, the need for atmospheric scientists working in private industry as businesses demand more specialized weather information.
Most atmospheric scientists work indoors in weather stations, offices, or laboratories. Occasionally, they do fieldwork, which means working outdoors to examine the weather. Some atmospheric scientists may have to work extended hours during weather emergencies.