Zoologists and wildlife biologists study the physical characteristics of animals, animal behaviors, and how humans affect wildlife and natural habitats.
A master's or doctoral degree in zoology, biology, ecology, or a related field may be required for this position. A doctorate may take an additional two-three years of work after the master's degree is earned, depending on the specific program. A bachelor's degree in zoology, biology, ecology, or a related field may be enough for an individual to get an entry level job in this area. A Ph.D. is necessary to lead independent research and for most university research positions.
Employment of zoologists and wildlife biologists is projected to grow 4 percent from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Zoologists and wildlife biologists will be needed to study human and wildlife interactions as the human population grows and development impacts wildlife and their natural habitats.
Zoologists and wildlife biologists work in offices, laboratories, or outdoors. Depending on their job, they may spend considerable time in the field gathering data and studying animals in their natural habitats.