Speech-language pathologists assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent communication and swallowing disorders in children and adults.
A master's degree in speech-language pathology is generally required to do this work. A master's degree typically takes about two-three years to earn after earning a four-year bachelor's degree. Speech-language pathologists who work in schools in some areas may also be required to have a specific teaching certification. Most states require that speech-language pathologists be licensed.
Employment of speech-language pathologists is projected to grow 25 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. As the large baby-boom population grows older, there will be more instances of health conditions such as strokes or dementia, which can cause speech or language impairments.
Some speech-language pathologists work in schools. Most others worked in healthcare facilities, such as hospitals.